Find All Holy Land Churches at Orthodox Church. Orthodox Church at Capernaum is built in the middle of the ruins of the ancient Roman village of Capernaum. Around the church the remains of the village have not yet been excavated, unlike the synagogue of Capernaum and the buildings around it. The village was established in the Hellenistic period, and was designed according to that period’s urban design of straight lines. Capernaum prospered in the Roman and Byzantine periods. The Orthodox Church is located on the eastern side of the ruined village, the home town of Jesus.